Kekoolani Genealogy of the Descendants of the Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii


Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (Keawe, Keawe-ikekahi-alii-o-kamoku ) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 was born in 1683. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kalanikauleleiawi (Kalanikauleleiawi I), (Queen of Hawai'i Island)
Lonomaaikanaka, (Ali'i-o-Hilo, Ali'i-o-Ka'u)
Kane-'alai (Kane-a-La'e, Haokalani, Kane-alae, Ha-o-kalani, Haokalani), (Ruling C OM
Umiulaikaahumanu ('Umi-'ula-a-ka'aha-manu),

NOTE: THERE ARE EXTENSIVE COMMENTS (BELOW) ON THIS PERSON
** YOU MAY GO TO DIRECTLY SPOUSE AND CHILDREN BY SCROLLING PAST THE FOLLOWING COMMENTS **
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Keaweikekahialliokamoku (King of Hawaii Island) is not the son of Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu. The correct father of King Keawe is Kanalohanauikawela (Keawehanauikawalu).

Keakealaniwahine is the mother of Keaweikekahialliokamou. The father is disputed as follows:

FATHER#1: Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu
FATHER#2: Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela)

The correct father is Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), according to SLK Peleioholani, who was, in his lifetime, the leader (High Chief) of the senior lineage of Keawe through his great grandfather Keawemauhili, the son of Kalaninuiammamao.

Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu may have looked to some people like a variation of the name correct name Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), which could have lead to the misunderstanding. To understand the lineage and the reasons for this frequent mistake, it is useful to review the story of his great grandmother from Kauai, the High Chiefess, Kawaihalaua, a sacred kapu chiefess.

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KAWAIHALAU'S LEGACY: HER CHILDREN
by DEAN KEKOOLANI
based on the genealogies of his great-great grandfather SLK Peleioholani
______________________________________________________________

FROM SLK PELEIOHOLANI:
"Akahiilikapu (w) married Kahakumakalina (k); born were Kawaihalaniwailuau** and Keliiohiohi (k) for whom the prostrating kapu of Pihenaakalani for these chiefs this chiefly kapus of Pihenaakalani."

Kawaihalau was from Kauai, the daughter of the Ruling Chief (King) of Kauai. When she married the Keawe-a-Umi, son of Umi, grandson of Liloa, Ruling Chief (King) of Hawaii Island, Kawaihalau brought with her one of the most revered and sought after kapus in the Hawaiian islands: the Pihenaakalani or "prostrating kapu". This kapu originated on Kauai and was one of oldest in the Hawaiian Islands and very was recognized by all chiefs throughout the islands. Before Kawaihalau brought the kapu to the Big Island, It belonged exclusively to the Kauai chiefs and was hereditary. This great kapu It compelled all those present to lay face down in the presence of the Pihenaakalani, no matter their rank or station. Ruling Chiefs (Kings) were compelled to prostrate before lesser chiefs who possessed the Pihenaakalani kapu.

There were other, more extreme and presumably impressive (even shocking) kapus (such as the "wela" or burning kapu) held by other chiefs around the Hawaiian Islands. But the Pihenaakalani was prized above most others for the great show of respect and honor it produced immediately under all circumstances. Further, there was great utility in being able to force people to the ground with one's mere presence (there is the story of a chief with the Pihenaakalani who was able to stop a military battle by simply arriving at it and walking on to the field, all the combatants had to cease movement and drop with face to the ground). This was a highly sought after and coveted kapu around the islands.

The children of Kawaihalau were chiefs of Hawaii through there father(s):

FATHER: Keawe-a-Umi, Ruling Chief (King) of Hawaii Island (Son of Umi, Grandson of Liloa)
CHILDREN: Kanaloaakuaana (k.), Kanaloakuakawiea (k.), Kanaloakapulehu

FATHER: Laeanuikaumanamana (Laea-Nui-Kaumanamana)
CHILDREN: Kaikilanimaipanio (w.), Kauluonana (k.)

These offspring passed the Pihenaakalani to the kings and queens of Hawaii as follows:

King Lonoikamakahiki and his wife Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna of Hawaii Island had no children of their own together. But each took these children of Kawaihalau as secondary spouses to produce additional offspring who possessed the Pihenaakalani.

King Lonoikamakahiki took Kaikilanimaipanio (daughter of Kawaihalau) as a wife and they produced Kanaloahanauikawela, who became the father of Keaweikekahialliomoku (King of Hawaii).

Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna took all three male children of Kawaihalau as husbands and produced the following chiefs:

From Kanaloakuaana - Keakealanikane (Mo'i, Ruler of Hawai'i)
From Kanaloakapulehu - Kalani-o-Umi (w.) wife of Kauluonana, Kawaihalau's son from Laeanuikaumanamana
From Kanaloakuakawiea - Kealiiokalani (w.) Wife and half-sister of Keakealanikane

NOTE: Confusion arises in many genealogies concerning the correct paternal line of Keaweikekahialiiomoki (King of Hawaii) because of the similarities between the names "Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna" and "Kaikilanimaipanio". Also there is more confusion cause by the similarities betwee the names "Kanaloakapulehu" and Kanaloakuakawiea (who is also called "Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu" in some genealogies. This similarity in names is consistent with naming pratices among chiefs of Hawaii. There are often several chiefs with the same name, all related by blood sonehow, living in the same period.

Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna's lineage is a direct line of Hawaii chiefs, with some rare infusions from Oahu and Maui, but with little or no blood from Kauai.

The bloodline of the Kauai chiefs recognized as among the most distinguished, coming as it did from the ancient line of Northern chiefs (Kauai and Oahu) whose royal genealogies reached farther back in time and with greater accuracy than Hawaii and Maui. The blending of Kauai and the BIg Island through Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna, King Lonoikamakahiki, King Keawe-a-Umi and Kawaihalaua was a major advance in prestige and honor for the Big Island chiefs and royal line.

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From SLK Peleioholani (Ancestry of John Liwai):

HAWAIIAN:

Kanaloahanauikawela (k), keiki a Lonoikamakahiki me Kaikilanimaipanio noho hoao niaupio ia Keakealani (w), hanau o Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

Iwikauikaua (k)/ hoao ia Kauakahikuaanaauakane (w, moopuna a moi Kakuhihewa , Oahu, hanau o Kaneikaiwilani (k)/ hoao pio ia Keakealani (w), moiwahine elua o Hawaii, hanau o Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w).


ENGLISH:

Kanaloahanauikawela (k), son of Lonoikamakahiki and Kaikilanimaipanio married niaupio to Keakealani (w), and born was Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

Iwikauikaua (k) married Kauakahikuaanaauakane (w), grandchild of King Kakuhihewa, of Oahu, born was Kaneikaiwilani (k) who pio married to Keakealani (w), second Queen of Hawaii and born was Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w).

*****

Keawe took his half sister Kalanikauleleaiwi as a wife.


From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the chiefly children of Keawe (k), King of Hawaii: (1) Children Kalaninuiiamamao (k), Kekohimoku (w), Keakakauhiwaamoku (k), five children of Molokai, including Kumukoa.

Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k)/ King of Hawaii married Hoakalani (w); born were five children. Kumukoa (k) was one of the children. Kumukoa (k) married Kahawalu (w), mother of Kauhiaimokuakama (k); born was Kaikilani III (w).


- D. KEKOOLANI (01-15-2010)

He had the following children:

  M i Ahaula ('Aha-'ula).
  M ii Kaolahaka-a-Keawe.
  M iii Keakakauhiwaamoku 1.

From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):
Look at the chiefly children of Keawe (k), King of Hawaii: (1) Children Kalaninuiiamamao (k), Kekohimoku (w), Keakakauhiwaamoku (k), five children of Molokai, including Kumukoa.
  M iv Kaoio-a-Keawe.

Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (Keawe, Keawe-ikekahi-alii-o-kamoku ) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 was born in 1683. He married 13, 14 Kane-'alai (Kane-a-La'e, Haokalani, Kane-alae, Ha-o-kalani, Haokalani) (Ruling Chiefess of Molokai). He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kalanikauleleiawi (Kalanikauleleiawi I), (Queen of Hawai'i Island)
Lonomaaikanaka, (Ali'i-o-Hilo, Ali'i-o-Ka'u)
Unknown
Umiulaikaahumanu ('Umi-'ula-a-ka'aha-manu),

NOTE: THERE ARE EXTENSIVE COMMENTS (BELOW) ON THIS PERSON
** YOU MAY GO TO DIRECTLY SPOUSE AND CHILDREN BY SCROLLING PAST THE FOLLOWING COMMENTS **
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Keaweikekahialliokamoku (King of Hawaii Island) is not the son of Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu. The correct father of King Keawe is Kanalohanauikawela (Keawehanauikawalu).

Keakealaniwahine is the mother of Keaweikekahialliokamou. The father is disputed as follows:

FATHER#1: Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu
FATHER#2: Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela)

The correct father is Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), according to SLK Peleioholani, who was, in his lifetime, the leader (High Chief) of the senior lineage of Keawe through his great grandfather Keawemauhili, the son of Kalaninuiammamao.

Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu may have looked to some people like a variation of the name correct name Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), which could have lead to the misunderstanding. To understand the lineage and the reasons for this frequent mistake, it is useful to review the story of his great grandmother from Kauai, the High Chiefess, Kawaihalaua, a sacred kapu chiefess.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAWAIHALAU'S LEGACY: HER CHILDREN
by DEAN KEKOOLANI
based on the genealogies of his great-great grandfather SLK Peleioholani
______________________________________________________________

FROM SLK PELEIOHOLANI:
"Akahiilikapu (w) married Kahakumakalina (k); born were Kawaihalaniwailuau** and Keliiohiohi (k) for whom the prostrating kapu of Pihenaakalani for these chiefs this chiefly kapus of Pihenaakalani."

Kawaihalau was from Kauai, the daughter of the Ruling Chief (King) of Kauai. When she married the Keawe-a-Umi, son of Umi, grandson of Liloa, Ruling Chief (King) of Hawaii Island, Kawaihalau brought with her one of the most revered and sought after kapus in the Hawaiian islands: the Pihenaakalani or "prostrating kapu". This kapu originated on Kauai and was one of oldest in the Hawaiian Islands and very was recognized by all chiefs throughout the islands. Before Kawaihalau brought the kapu to the Big Island, It belonged exclusively to the Kauai chiefs and was hereditary. This great kapu It compelled all those present to lay face down in the presence of the Pihenaakalani, no matter their rank or station. Ruling Chiefs (Kings) were compelled to prostrate before lesser chiefs who possessed the Pihenaakalani kapu.

There were other, more extreme and presumably impressive (even shocking) kapus (such as the "wela" or burning kapu) held by other chiefs around the Hawaiian Islands. But the Pihenaakalani was prized above most others for the great show of respect and honor it produced immediately under all circumstances. Further, there was great utility in being able to force people to the ground with one's mere presence (there is the story of a chief with the Pihenaakalani who was able to stop a military battle by simply arriving at it and walking on to the field, all the combatants had to cease movement and drop with face to the ground). This was a highly sought after and coveted kapu around the islands.

The children of Kawaihalau were chiefs of Hawaii through there father(s):

FATHER: Keawe-a-Umi, Ruling Chief (King) of Hawaii Island (Son of Umi, Grandson of Liloa)
CHILDREN: Kanaloaakuaana (k.), Kanaloakuakawiea (k.), Kanaloakapulehu

FATHER: Laeanuikaumanamana (Laea-Nui-Kaumanamana)
CHILDREN: Kaikilanimaipanio (w.), Kauluonana (k.)

These offspring passed the Pihenaakalani to the kings and queens of Hawaii as follows:

King Lonoikamakahiki and his wife Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna of Hawaii Island had no children of their own together. But each took these children of Kawaihalau as secondary spouses to produce additional offspring who possessed the Pihenaakalani.

King Lonoikamakahiki took Kaikilanimaipanio (daughter of Kawaihalau) as a wife and they produced Kanaloahanauikawela, who became the father of Keaweikekahialliomoku (King of Hawaii).

Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna took all three male children of Kawaihalau as husbands and produced the following chiefs:

From Kanaloakuaana - Keakealanikane (Mo'i, Ruler of Hawai'i)
From Kanaloakapulehu - Kalani-o-Umi (w.) wife of Kauluonana, Kawaihalau's son from Laeanuikaumanamana
From Kanaloakuakawiea - Kealiiokalani (w.) Wife and half-sister of Keakealanikane

NOTE: Confusion arises in many genealogies concerning the correct paternal line of Keaweikekahialiiomoki (King of Hawaii) because of the similarities between the names "Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna" and "Kaikilanimaipanio". Also there is more confusion cause by the similarities betwee the names "Kanaloakapulehu" and Kanaloakuakawiea (who is also called "Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu" in some genealogies. This similarity in names is consistent with naming pratices among chiefs of Hawaii. There are often several chiefs with the same name, all related by blood sonehow, living in the same period.

Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna's lineage is a direct line of Hawaii chiefs, with some rare infusions from Oahu and Maui, but with little or no blood from Kauai.

The bloodline of the Kauai chiefs recognized as among the most distinguished, coming as it did from the ancient line of Northern chiefs (Kauai and Oahu) whose royal genealogies reached farther back in time and with greater accuracy than Hawaii and Maui. The blending of Kauai and the BIg Island through Queen Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna, King Lonoikamakahiki, King Keawe-a-Umi and Kawaihalaua was a major advance in prestige and honor for the Big Island chiefs and royal line.

-------------------------------------------------------------------


From SLK Peleioholani (Ancestry of John Liwai):

HAWAIIAN:

Kanaloahanauikawela (k), keiki a Lonoikamakahiki me Kaikilanimaipanio noho hoao niaupio ia Keakealani (w), hanau o Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

Iwikauikaua (k)/ hoao ia Kauakahikuaanaauakane (w, moopuna a moi Kakuhihewa , Oahu, hanau o Kaneikaiwilani (k)/ hoao pio ia Keakealani (w), moiwahine elua o Hawaii, hanau o Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w).


ENGLISH:

Kanaloahanauikawela (k), son of Lonoikamakahiki and Kaikilanimaipanio married niaupio to Keakealani (w), and born was Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

Iwikauikaua (k) married Kauakahikuaanaauakane (w), grandchild of King Kakuhihewa, of Oahu, born was Kaneikaiwilani (k) who pio married to Keakealani (w), second Queen of Hawaii and born was Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w).

*****

Keawe took his half sister Kalanikauleleaiwi as a wife.


From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the chiefly children of Keawe (k), King of Hawaii: (1) Children Kalaninuiiamamao (k), Kekohimoku (w), Keakakauhiwaamoku (k), five children of Molokai, including Kumukoa.

Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k)/ King of Hawaii married Hoakalani (w); born were five children. Kumukoa (k) was one of the children. Kumukoa (k) married Kahawalu (w), mother of Kauhiaimokuakama (k); born was Kaikilani III (w).


- D. KEKOOLANI (01-15-2010)

Kane-'alai (Kane-a-La'e, Haokalani, Kane-alae, Ha-o-kalani, Haokalani) (Ruling Chiefess of Molokai) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.(Ruling married 6, 7 Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (Keawe, Keawe-ikekahi-alii-o-kamoku ) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kekaulike Kalani-kui-hono-i-ka-moku, (King of Maui)
Keawenui-a-Umi, (Mo'i, Ruler of Hawaii by Conquest)

Ruling Chiefess, Ali'i of Molokai. Also called HOAKALANI in many genealogies, including one by SLK Pelioholani, who calls her that in his JOHN ENA genealogy,

S.M. Kamakau calls her Kanealai and confirms she was also a wife of Keawe
(Ke Au Okoa (newspaper) JULY 23, 1866 "O.J. Koii, Kau I Kapua")

They had the following children:

  M i Kumuko'a (Kumukoa II) (Kumuhea) (Molokai Chief).
  M ii Ha'o (Hao-o-Keaweikekahialiiokamoku) (Molokai Chief) 1, 2.

Ha'o is named after his mother. Forander says the father was King Keawe (Keaweikekahialiiokamoku) and the mother was the wife "Kanaalae". But his mother was known by two names, both for the same woman: Kane-a-La'e (Kane'alai, Kane-alae) or (Ha'okalani) Ha-o-kalani. She was a Ruling Chiefess of Molokai, one of the last independent rulers of Molokai.

Solomon Peleioholani says:
Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k)/ King of Hawaii/ married Hoakalani (w); born were five children. Kumukoa (k) was one of the children. Kumukoa (k) married Kahawalu (w), mother of Kauhiaimokuakama (k); born was Kaikilani III (w).

- D. Kekoolani (Jan 23, 2010)
  M iii Awili ('Awili, Awilinui) (Molokai Chief).
  F iv Kaliloamoku (Ka-li-loa-moku) (Molokai Chief) 1, 2.

Forander says the father was King Keawe (Keaweikekahialiiokamoku) and the mother was the wife "Kanaalae". But his mother was known by two names, both for the same woman: Kane-a-La'e (Kane'alai, Kane-alae) or (Ha'okalani) Ha-o-kalani. She was a Ruling Chiefess of Molokai, one of the last independent rulers of Molokai.

Solomon Peleioholani says:
Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k)/ King of Hawaii/ married Hoakalani (w); born were five children. Kumukoa (k) was one of the children. Kumukoa (k) married Kahawalu (w), mother of Kauhiaimokuakama (k); born was Kaikilani III (w).

- D. Kekoolani (Jan 23, 2010)

Kanalohanauikawela (Keawehanauikawalu) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. married 9 Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine, Keakealani-wahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii').

Other marriages:
Akihiakame'enoa (Akihi-a-ka-me'e-noa),

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Called Kanalohanauikawela by SLK Peleioholani
Name is Keawehanauikawalu in Forander
Kanalaokapulehu is the name given for the father of Keawe in Kumu Hawaii newspaper 1835 an Ka Nonanona 1842.

There is confusion in many genealogies of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (King of Hawaii Island) due to the fact that his father is sometimes called Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu, which is indeed similar to the name given by SLK Peleioholani. It may also be another valid name for this chief, since high ranking chiefs often had several similar names, which were employed selectively according to ceremonial protocols and the rituals surrounding official occasions.

However, the name "Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu" is also very similar to that of another chief living at the time named "Kanaloakapulehu". Hence many genealogies understandably give the wrong father for King Keawe.

The fact that these two names are almost identical would not be unusual in and of itself, since we often see clusters of name reccurence all over Hawaiian genealogy. In a man's case, the name is given in honor of an uncle, father or other notable relation. This was also true of names given to a chiefess. The recurrence of a single name, not once or twice, but several times within only 2 or 3 generations is normal among the chiefs (EXAMPLES: Keeaumoku, Keawe and variations on Keawe, Ululani, Kapulani, Kapukini, Kaikilani, Kamehameha).

In this case, Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu was the nephew Kanaloakapulehu. Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu's father Lonokamakahiki was a half brother Kanaloakapulehu (they shared the same father Keawe-a-Umi).


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INFORMATION ON FATHER OF KEAWEIKEKAHIALLIOKUMOKU
(Kanalohanauikawela or "Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu")
(from Ancestry of John Liwai by SLK Peleioholani)
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Kanaloahanauikawela (k), son of Lonoikamakahiki and Kaikilanimaipanio married niaupio to Keakealani (w), and born was Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

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INFORMATION ON UNCLEOF KEAWEIKEKAHIALLIOKUMOKU (Kanaloakapulehu)
(from Genealogy of the Robinson Family by SLK Peleioholani)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CHAPTER II - Hoeamanoa's Genealogy

FEMALE LINE - Kawaihalau
MALE LINE - Keawe-Nui-a-Umi
ISSUE: Kanaloakuaana, Kanaloakapulehu, Kanaloakuakawaiea **

** Note by Dean Kekoolani: all 3 of these brothers went on to marry and have a child with Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna. All her children came from these 3 brothers. She had no issue with her co-regent husband Lonokamakahiki.

Kaikilani [Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna] (w) remarried, to Lonoikamakahikikapuakeawe (k), no issue; they were married for 9 years until

These brothers wold have been famous in their time. One understands how Lonokamakahiki would have named his son after one his wife's secondary husbands, who was also related by blood. Also, remember that Lonokamakahiki's own secondary wife Kaikilanimaipanio was most likely herself named after his primary wife Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna.

------------------------

Ka Makaainana (newspaper) NOV 9, 1896 gives Kalanohanauikawela the alternate name "Keawehanauikawalu". The article is about the descendants of his sister Kaihikapumahana.

---------------------------
Keakealaniwahine is the mother of Keaweikekahialliokamou. The father of Keawe is disputed as follows:

FATHER#1: Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu
FATHER#2: Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela)

The correct father is Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), according to SLK Peleioholani, who was, in his lifetime, the leader (High Chief) of the senior lineage of Keawe through his great grandfather Keawemauhili, the son of Kalaninuiammamao.

Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu may be a variation of the name Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), which would be understood, but if that is the case, it apparently devolved into a different identity over time.

- D. KEKOOLANI (01-15-2010)

Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine, Keakealani-wahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii') [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.(Ruling married 10 Kanalohanauikawela (Keawehanauikawalu). She had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kaneikaiwilani (Kaneikauaiwilani),
Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu,
Kapa'akauikealakea,

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Keakealaniwahine is the mother of Keaweikekahialliokamou. The husband who fathered her son King Keawe is disputed as follows:

FATHER#1: Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu
FATHER#2: Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela)

The correct father is Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), according to SLK Peleioholani, who was, in his lifetime, the leader (High Chief) of the senior lineage of Keawe through his great grandfather Keawemauhili, the son of Kalaninuiammamao.

Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu may be a variation of the name Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), which would be understood, but if that is the case, it apparently devolved into a different identity over time.

- D. KEKOOLANI (01-15-2010)


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- Genealogy Technical Notes -
RESOLVING DIFFERENCES IN MULTIPLE VERSIONS OF KEAKEALANIWAHINE'S PEDIGREE

VERSION (1)
Ka Nupepa Kuokoa (Newspaper) SEPTEMBER 30, 1893
Ka Nonanona (Newspaper) OCTOBER 25, 1842
Author (s): Unknown
FATHER: Iwikauikaua (Son of Makakaualii & Kapukamola)
MOTHER: Keakamahana (Daughter of Keakealanikane & Keliiokalani)
ISSUE: Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii')

VERSION (2)
The Robinson Family Genealogy (1908)
Author: S.L.K. Peleioholani
FATHER: Iwikauikaua (Son of Makakaualii & Kapukamola)
MOTHER: Keakamahana (Daughter of Makakaualii & Kapukamola) - different parents here
ISSUE: Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii') - NINAUPIO

VERSION (3)
The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalaniopuuikapali-o-MoliIele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena (1903)
Author: S.L.K. Peleioholani
FATHER: Iwikauikaua (Son of Makakaualii & Kapukamola)
MOTHER: Kaihikapumahana (Daughter of King Lonokamakahiki & Kaikilanimaipanio)
ISSUE: Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii')


WE HAVE FOUND THAT THE CORRECT VERSION IS VERSION #3
Iwikauikaua & Kaihikapumahana are the parents Keakealaniwahine (VERSION 3)

METHOD:
We would favor Peleioholani, Kamakau, Unauna or Malo whenever confronted with multiple choices. So that leaves VERSION 2 and VERSION 3. The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Ena is the stronger work by Peleioholani of the two we have to choose from. It represents a major genealogical achievement, comprising the final section of VOLUME 2 of HAWAIIAN GENEALOGIES (Edited by Edith McKInzie). Further, like some of the later works of SLK Peleioholani, there seems to have been tampering and adjustments to the registers, in this case by the editor J.M. Poepoe (his friend and a major translator for Peleioholani).

VERSION 3 represents S.L.K. Peleioholani at the height of his powers as a genealogist. There can be no doubt that he is giving us the correct, though not common genealogy for Keakealaniwahine, as he does for her son Keaweikekahialliokamou (see the notes in his record about the corrected version of his father).

VERSION 3 also helps us to understand the refrence to a "niau pio" marriage in this passage late in "The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalaniopuuikapali-o-MoliIele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":

Kaihikapumahana (w) married Iwikauikaua (k), high chief of Hawaii and was born Keakealani (w)/ Second Queen of Hawaii. Kanaloahanauikawela (k), son of Lonoikamakahiki and Kaikilanimaipanio married niaupi'o to Keakealani (w), and born was Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

FATHER: Kanaloahanauikawela (Son of King Lonokamakahiki & Kaikilanimaipanio)
MOTHER: Keakealani (Grandaughter of King Lonokamakahiki & Kaikilanimaipanio though her mother)
ISSUE: Keaweikekahialiiokamoku

Keakealani marries her uncle Kanaloahanauikawela, the brother of her mother. This is the "niau pio" aspect of the marriage referred to in the excerpt above.


- D. Kekoolani (January 22, 2010)
Kapolei, Oahu, Hawaii

They had the following children:

  M i Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (Keawe, Keawe-ikekahi-alii-o-kamoku ) (King of Hawaii) was born in 1683.

Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu [Parents]. married 1 Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine, Keakealani-wahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii').

Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine, Keakealani-wahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii') [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.(Ruling married 10 Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu. She had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kaneikaiwilani (Kaneikauaiwilani),
Kanalohanauikawela (Keawehanauikawalu),
Kapa'akauikealakea,

NOTE: THERE ARE EXTENSIVE COMMENTS (BELOW) ON THIS PERSON
** YOU MAY GO TO DIRECTLY SPOUSE AND CHILDREN BY SCROLLING PAST THE FOLLOWING COMMENTS **
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Keakealaniwahine is the mother of Keaweikekahialliokamou. The husband who fathered her son King Keawe is disputed as follows:

FATHER#1: Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu
FATHER#2: Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela)

The correct father is Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), according to SLK Peleioholani, who was, in his lifetime, the leader (High Chief) of the senior lineage of Keawe through his great grandfather Keawemauhili, the son of Kalaninuiammamao.

Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu may be a variation of the name Keawehanauikawalu (Kanalohanauikawela), which would be understood, but if that is the case, it apparently devolved into a different identity over time.

- D. KEKOOLANI (01-15-2010)


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- Genealogy Technical Notes -
RESOLVING DIFFERENCES IN MULTIPLE VERSIONS OF KEAKEALANIWAHINE'S PEDIGREE

VERSION (1)
Ka Nupepa Kuokoa (Newspaper) SEPTEMBER 30, 1893
Ka Nonanona (Newspaper) OCTOBER 25, 1842
Author (s): Unknown
FATHER: Iwikauikaua (Son of Makakaualii & Kapukamola)
MOTHER: Keakamahana (Daughter of Keakealanikane & Keliiokalani)
ISSUE: Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii')

VERSION (2)
The Robinson Family Genealogy (1908)
Author: S.L.K. Peleioholani
FATHER: Iwikauikaua (Son of Makakaualii & Kapukamola)
MOTHER: Keakamahana (Daughter of Makakaualii & Kapukamola) - different parents here
ISSUE: Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii') - NINAUPIO

VERSION (3)
The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalaniopuuikapali-o-MoliIele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena (1903)
Author: S.L.K. Peleioholani
FATHER: Iwikauikaua (Son of Makakaualii & Kapukamola)
MOTHER: Kaihikapumahana (Daughter of King Lonokamakahiki & Kaikilanimaipanio)
ISSUE: Keakealani (Keakealaniwahine) (Ruling Queen of Hawaii')


WE HAVE FOUND THAT THE CORRECT VERSION IS VERSION #3
Iwikauikaua & Kaihikapumahana are the parents Keakealaniwahine (VERSION 3)

METHOD:
We would favor Peleioholani, Kamakau, Unauna or Malo whenever confronted with multiple choices. So that leaves VERSION 2 and VERSION 3. The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Ena is the stronger work by Peleioholani of the two we have to choose from. It represents a major genealogical achievement, comprising the final section of VOLUME 2 of HAWAIIAN GENEALOGIES (Edited by Edith McKInzie). Further, like some of the later works of SLK Peleioholani, there seems to have been tampering and adjustments to the registers, in this case by the editor J.M. Poepoe (his friend and a major translator for Peleioholani).

VERSION 3 represents S.L.K. Peleioholani at the height of his powers as a genealogist. There can be no doubt that he is giving us the correct, though not common genealogy for Keakealaniwahine, as he does for her son Keaweikekahialliokamou (see the notes in his record about the corrected version of his father).

VERSION 3 also helps us to understand the refrence to a "niau pio" marriage in this passage late in "The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalaniopuuikapali-o-MoliIele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":

Kaihikapumahana (w) married Iwikauikaua (k), high chief of Hawaii and was born Keakealani (w)/ Second Queen of Hawaii. Kanaloahanauikawela (k), son of Lonoikamakahiki and Kaikilanimaipanio married niaupi'o to Keakealani (w), and born was Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (k).

FATHER: Kanaloahanauikawela (Son of King Lonokamakahiki & Kaikilanimaipanio)
MOTHER: Keakealani (Grandaughter of King Lonokamakahiki & Kaikilanimaipanio though her mother)
ISSUE: Keaweikekahialiiokamoku

Keakealani marries her uncle Kanaloahanauikawela, the brother of her mother. This is the "niau pio" aspect of the marriage referred to in the excerpt above.


- D. Kekoolani (January 22, 2010)
Kapolei, Oahu, Hawaii

They had the following children:

  M i Keaweikekahialiiokamoku (Keawe, Keawe-ikekahi-alii-o-kamoku ) (King of Hawaii) was born in 1683.

Kamanawa (Kamanawa I) [Parents] 1, 2. married 3 Kekelakekeaokalani II (Kekela, Kekelaokalani, Kekelakekeaokalani-o-Kauakahiakua).

Other marriages:
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Kaehukielei,

Kameeiamoku and Kamanawana were twins. They are pictured on the Great Seal of Hawaii. They were supporters of Kamehameha's rise to power, along with their half-brother Keeaumoku Papaiahiahi and another chief, Keawe-a-Heulu (ancestor of queen Liliuokalani and Kalakaua).

Kekelakekeaokalani II (Kekela, Kekelaokalani, Kekelakekeaokalani-o-Kauakahiakua) [Parents] 1. married 2 Kamanawa (Kamanawa I).

They had the following children:

  F i Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani) (Queen of Hawaii).

Keeaumoku (Keeaumoku I, Kalani Kama Keʻeaumoku Nui, Kee-eaumoku) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 was born in 1712. He married 10 Kailakanoa (Kailakauoa).

Other marriages:
Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku), (Waianae Oahu Chiefess)

In addition to Kona, Keawe also gave his son Kalanikeeaumoku dominion over parts of the Kohala district, which was mostly controlled by the [powerful and somewhat independent Mahi family.

From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the children of Kaianikauleleiaiwi: (1) Child No. 1, Kekuiapoiwanui I (w); (2) Kekelaokekeaokalani (w); (3) Kalanikeeaumoku (k); (4) Alapainui (k), King of Hawaii, ancestor of L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko and many other offsprings; (5) Haae (k); (6) Keawepoepoe (k).

Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w) married again, to Keawe (k), King of Hawaii, and were born Kekelakekeaokaiani (w) and Kaianikeaumoku (k).

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"Kee-eaumoku" is the old spelling of "Keeaumoku" relayed to us by S.M. Kamakau.

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This Keeaumoku, the nominal grandfather of Kamehameha the Great, became High Priest of the Order of 'Io after Keawe-Uhi-I-Kealakea. After Keeaumoku, his younger half-brother, Keawepoepoe, became the HIgh Priest.

__________________________________________________________

Kailakanoa (Kailakauoa) 1, 2, 3. married 4 Keeaumoku (Keeaumoku I, Kalani Kama Keʻeaumoku Nui, Kee-eaumoku).

Other marriages:
Kalaninuiiamamao (Kalani-nui-'i-a-mamao, Ka'i'imamao, Lono-a-Keawe), (Ali'i-o-Ka'u)

They had the following children:

  M i Kanekoa (Kanekoa-a-Kalanikeeaumoku) (Waimea Chief).
  M ii Kaha'i (V) (Kahai-a-Keeaumoku, Kaha'i) 1.


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ABOUT THE NAME KAHAI (KAHA'I)

The original chief named Kahai was a famous explorer who traveled to Kahiki very early in the history of the Hawaiian chiefs. He was a hero to the Hawaiian chiefs and many of them called their sons by his name. So there are many chiefs whose names begin with or contain the name "Kahai".

But there are five chiefs who are known primarily as just "Kahai", beginning with the original Kahai. I have numbered these Kahai chiefs in the correct order by the time period in which they lived, based on their generational distance from Wakea, ancestor of all the chiefs. The name "Kahai" is often expressed "Kahai-moelea", being similar in relation to "John" and "Jonathan", and would "Kahai-moelea" be interchangeable with "Kahai" for all 5 of these chiefs.

The chiefs named Kahai are:

(1) KAHAI (I) "Kahai-a-Hema" was the son of Hema (k.) and Hinamaikehoa (Ulamakehoa, Luamahekoa) w.). Original Kahai who traveled to Kahiki. He is 31 generations from Wakea.

(2) KAHAI (II) "Kahai-a-Ho'onali'i" was the son of Ho'okamali'i (k.) and Keahiula (w.). He is 34 generations from Wakea and not closely related to the original Kahai before him, being his 18th cousin. The people of his time would have known of the original Kahai in living memory. This Kahai is from Kauai and his grandfather Moikeha was also voyaging chief like the original Kahai. Moikeha would have lived at about the same time as the original Kahai as well.

(3) KAHAI (III) "Kahai-a-Mano" was one of the sons of Manokalanipo (Mo'i, Ruling Chief of Kauai). He is 52 generations from Wakea. He is not closely related to the previous Kahai II, being his 18th cousin, 19 times removed. He is more closely related to the original Kahai I, being from the same family lineage, being this original Kahai's 1st cousin, 19 times removed.

(4) KAHAI (IV) called "Kahaimoeleaikaaikupou" or "Kahaimoeleaikaaikapukupou" was the son of Kalapana (Kalapana Kuioiomoa) (k.) and Makeamakaimalanahae (Maemalamaihanai) (w.). He is 60 generations from Wakea. His relation to the previous Kahai III is very, very distant (22nd cousins, 8 times removed). However, he is a direct descendant of the original Kahai (Kahai-a-Hema), being his 27th great grandson.

(5) KAHAI (V) "Kahai-a-Keeaumoku", was the son of the original Keeaumoku Nui (Keeaumoku I) and the grandson of King Kekaulikeikekahialiiokamokamoku. He is 73 generations from Wakea. He is from the same family lineage as the original Kahai, being his 1st cousin, 33 times removed.


DEAN KEKOOLANI
February 1, 2010
Kapolei, O'ahu, Hawaii

Mahi (Mahi-o-lole, Mahiololi, Mahiolele) (Ali'i-o-Kohala) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.(Ali'i-o-Kohala) married 8, 9 Umiiwiula (Umi-iwi-'ula).

Other marriages:
Kanekuka'ailani (Kanekukailani, Kamakahukilani I),

Chief counselor of Keakealaniwahine, Ruling Queen of Hawai'i Island.

Umiiwiula (Umi-iwi-'ula) [Parents] 1, 2. married 3, 4 Mahi (Mahi-o-lole, Mahiololi, Mahiolele) (Ali'i-o-Kohala).

They had the following children:

  M i Kauauanuiamahiololi (Ka-uaua-nui-a-Mahiololi, Kauaua-a-Mahi) (Ali'i-o-Kohala).

Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua) (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.(Ali'i-o-Kona, married Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku) (Waianae Oahu Chiefess).

Other marriages:
Kamaua,
Keaka (Keaka-Luahine, Keakakauhiwa),
Umiaemoku,

King of Hawai'i Island by Conquest (Usurper).

Ancestor of:
Kekaaniau (Chiefess)
Laura M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko
Sam Parker
Mary Stillman
Kameeualani Kauanoe

From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the children of Kaianikauleleiaiwi: (1) Child No. 1, Kekuiapoiwanui I (w); (2) Kekelaokekeaokalani (w); (3) Kalanikeeaumoku (k); (4) Alapainui (k), King of Hawaii, ancestor of L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko and many other offsprings; (5) Haae (k); (6) Keawepoepoe (k).

Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w) married again, to Kauauanuiamahiololi (k); born was Alapainui, King of Hawaii, ancestor of Kekaaniau, chiefess, L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko, Sam Parker and his sister Mary Stillman, and Kameeualani Kauanoe; and Haae, Alapai's younger brother, was also born of this union.

Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku) (Waianae Oahu Chiefess) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 was born in 1711. She married Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua) (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island).

Other marriages:
Kalaninuiiamamao (Kalani-nui-'i-a-mamao, Ka'i'imamao, Lono-a-Keawe), (Ali'i-o-Ka'u)
Keeaumoku (Keeaumoku I, Kalani Kama Keʻeaumoku Nui, Kee-eaumoku),
Kukaeleaiku (Kukeleiaiku, Kukaeleaiku, Kukaeleku, Kukaeleiki, Ku-ka-'ele-iki),

Also Chiefess of K'au.

They had the following children:

  F i Manono (Manono I).

Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua) (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.(Ali'i-o-Kona, married Kamaua.

Other marriages:
Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku), (Waianae Oahu Chiefess)
Keaka (Keaka-Luahine, Keakakauhiwa),
Umiaemoku,

King of Hawai'i Island by Conquest (Usurper).

Ancestor of:
Kekaaniau (Chiefess)
Laura M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko
Sam Parker
Mary Stillman
Kameeualani Kauanoe

From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the children of Kaianikauleleiaiwi: (1) Child No. 1, Kekuiapoiwanui I (w); (2) Kekelaokekeaokalani (w); (3) Kalanikeeaumoku (k); (4) Alapainui (k), King of Hawaii, ancestor of L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko and many other offsprings; (5) Haae (k); (6) Keawepoepoe (k).

Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w) married again, to Kauauanuiamahiololi (k); born was Alapainui, King of Hawaii, ancestor of Kekaaniau, chiefess, L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko, Sam Parker and his sister Mary Stillman, and Kameeualani Kauanoe; and Haae, Alapai's younger brother, was also born of this union.

Kamaua. married Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua) (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island).

They had the following children:

  F i Kauwa'a.
  M ii Mahiua 1.

Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua) (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.(Ali'i-o-Kona, married 8, 9 Keaka (Keaka-Luahine, Keakakauhiwa).

Other marriages:
Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku), (Waianae Oahu Chiefess)
Kamaua,
Umiaemoku,

King of Hawai'i Island by Conquest (Usurper).

Ancestor of:
Kekaaniau (Chiefess)
Laura M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko
Sam Parker
Mary Stillman
Kameeualani Kauanoe

From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the children of Kaianikauleleiaiwi: (1) Child No. 1, Kekuiapoiwanui I (w); (2) Kekelaokekeaokalani (w); (3) Kalanikeeaumoku (k); (4) Alapainui (k), King of Hawaii, ancestor of L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko and many other offsprings; (5) Haae (k); (6) Keawepoepoe (k).

Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w) married again, to Kauauanuiamahiololi (k); born was Alapainui, King of Hawaii, ancestor of Kekaaniau, chiefess, L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko, Sam Parker and his sister Mary Stillman, and Kameeualani Kauanoe; and Haae, Alapai's younger brother, was also born of this union.

Keaka (Keaka-Luahine, Keakakauhiwa) 1, 2. married 3, 4 Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua) (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island).

They had the following children:

  M i Keaweopala (Keawe'opala) died about 1752.

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