Kekoolani Genealogy of the Descendants of the Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii


Kiwalao (Kiwala'o) (Ali'i-o-Kohala, Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 died in Jul 1782 in Mokuohai, Hawaii. He married Liliha Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III).

Other marriages:
Manoua,

Alii of Kohala, Alii of Kona and Alii of Kau

From "The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
Kalaniopuu (k), king, married to Kalola (w), high chiefess of Maui; born was Kiwalao (k) Liliha Kekuiapoiwa (w), who later became ruling king.

Look at Kalaninuiiamamao (k); he was the own father of King Kalaniopuu (k) and his children.
(I) The eldest son Kiwalao (k);
(II) Second child Liliha Kekuiapoiwa; they are the true grandparents of Lihoiiho I (k), King of Hawaii, grandparent of Naahienaena (w) and grandparent of Kauikeaouli (k) King of Hawaii.
(III). Kalaniopuu (k)/ the true father of Kaleipaihala (k), the grandfather of Kaleleonalani, Queen, and L. M. Kekupuohi, Keawehawaii (k), Halalo (k), and J. Robinson (k).
(IV) Kalaniopuu (k), the father of Keaouakuahuula, the ancestor of the chiefess Kekaaniau (w) of Honolulu, L. M. Kekupuohi and Sam Parker. The chief Keouakuahuula (k), true ancestor through the mother of Keouakuahuula, namely Kanekapolei (w), of W. Notley, C. K. Notley, K. 0. Notley, M. Notley, all of Waimea, Hawaii.

Liliha Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4 was born in 1746. She died about 1815 in Ka'u. She married Kiwalao (Kiwala'o) (Ali'i-o-Kohala, Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island). She had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha), (King of Hawaii)

**********************************************************************************************************************
NOTE: There are extensive notes for this person. Scroll past these notes to go directly to SPOUSE & CHILDREN
**********************************************************************************************************************

Liliha Kekuipoiwa (Kekuipoiwa III) is the daughter of Kalaniopu'u, not Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua) as commonly taught.

Knowing the true father of Liliha Kekuipoiwa means we can now see that when she married Kiwalao, she was marrying her full brother not her half-brother, as is commonly taught. This their offspring Keopuolani (w.), a full Ninau Pi'o chief, because she is the offspring of a full blooded brother and sister who are themselves the children of ruling chiefs. This is a rare and precious type chief.

Liliha's daughter Keopuolani, would have been considered more than a normal human being: she was a living god walking among mortals (an "akua"). Thus we understand why she was sought after by Kamehameha to be the Royal Queen Mother of his sons, the furture kings (Kamehameha II and Kamehameha III)

The only person of equal rank to Liliha Kekuipoiwa's daughter would have been the Ninau Pio chiefess Kalanikauiokikilo of Maui, a half-sister of Liliha Kekuipoiwa. Kamehameha also sought this chiefess Kalanikauiokikilo as a wife but because of her high station she committed suicide rather than surrender to Kamehameha, who she considered an enemy of Maui (which he had conquered and subdued) and of insufficient chiefly rank to be her mate.

(Kalanikauikikilo was wrong abou Kamehameha's rank, please see his records and the information about his true parent in this database for that separate discussion)

* PLEASE NOTE: Further sanctifying the daughter Keopuolani was the fact that Liliha and Kiwalao's mother Kalola was herself a kind of Pi'o chief, being the product of a marriage between King Kekaulike of Maui and his half-sister Kekuipoiwa Nui.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LILIHA KEKUIPOIWA: DAUGHTER OF KING KALANIOPU'U
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena"
(S.L.K. Peleioholani)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaniopuu (k), moi, hoao ia Kalola (w), alii kiekie o Maui, hanau o Kiwalao (k) Liliha Kekuiapoiwa (w), a noho moi mahope mai.

ENGLISH:
Kalaniopuu (k), king, married to Kalola (w), high chiefess of Maui; born was Kiwalao (k) Liliha Kekuiapoiwa (w), who later became ruling king.


[And, later in the same genealogy article (below) - D. Kekoolani]


HAWAIIAN:
E nana ia Kalaninuiiamamao (k) oia ponoi ka makua o Moi Kalaniopuu (k) ame kana mau keiki.
(I) Keiki hiapo Kiwalao (k);
(II) Keiki elua Liliha Kekuiapoiwa, o Saua ponoi ke kupuna o Liholiho (k) I, moi o Hawaii, kupuna o Naahienaena (w)/ kupuna o Kauikeaouli (k) moi o Hawaii.
(III). Kalaniopuu (k) ka makuakane ponoi o Kaleipaihala (k)/ ke kupuna ponoi o Kaleleonalani moi a me L. M. Kekupuoh, Keawehawaii (k), Halalo (k), J. Ropikana (k).
(IV) Kalaniopuu (k) ka makuakane o Keaouakuahuula, ke kupuna o na lit Kekaaniau (w) Honolulu, L. M. Kekupuohi, Sam Paka.

ENGLISH:
Look at Kalaninuiiamamao (k); he was the own father of King Kalaniopuu (k) and his children.
(I) The eldest son Kiwalao (k);
(II) Second child Liliha Kekuiapoiwa; they are the true grandparents of Lihoiiho I (k), King of Hawaii, grandparent of Naahienaena (w) and grandparent of Kauikeaouli (k) King of Hawaii.
(III). Kalaniopuu (k)/ the true father of Kaleipaihala (k), the grandfather of Kaleleonalani, Queen, and L. M. Kekupuohi, Keawehawaii (k), Halalo (k), and J. Robinson (k).
(IV) Kalaniopuu (k), the father of Keaouakuahuula, the ancestor of the chiefess Kekaaniau (w) of Honolulu, L. M. Kekupuohi and Sam Parker. The chief Keouakuahuula (k), true ancestor through the mother of Keouakuahuula, namely Kanekapolei (w), of W. Notley, C. K. Notley, K. 0. Notley, M. Notley, all of Waimea, Hawaii.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONCLUSION

Textbooks, charts and references should be corrected.

This is the correct genealogy of the Kamehameha Dynasty according to my great grandfather High Chief S.L.K. Peleiholani, senior ranking Chief of the Keawe Lineage of Hawaii along with his sister the Honorable Ululani Liwai (Baker), Governess of Hawaii Island, advisor to the kings Kamehameha IV and Kalakaua.

This is the knowledge handed down by the Maui and Hawaii chiefs who fathered Kamehameha, helped him conquer the islands, or resisted him to defend their own kingship when they could, and finally gave up their women to be his royal wives. These foundational chiefs passed the kokua and the mo'okuauhau in an unbroken chain from father to son, mother to son, directly to S.L.K. Peleioholani, whose grandmother Kahahana sat at Kamehameha the Great's bedside as he was dieing.

- Dean P. Kekoolani
January 23, 2010
Kapolei, Oahu, Hawaii

They had the following children:

  F i Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani) (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o) was born about 1778. She died on 16 Sep 1823.

Kiwalao (Kiwala'o) (Ali'i-o-Kohala, Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 died in Jul 1782 in Mokuohai, Hawaii. He married Manoua.

Other marriages:
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha

Alii of Kohala, Alii of Kona and Alii of Kau

From "The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
Kalaniopuu (k), king, married to Kalola (w), high chiefess of Maui; born was Kiwalao (k) Liliha Kekuiapoiwa (w), who later became ruling king.

Look at Kalaninuiiamamao (k); he was the own father of King Kalaniopuu (k) and his children.
(I) The eldest son Kiwalao (k);
(II) Second child Liliha Kekuiapoiwa; they are the true grandparents of Lihoiiho I (k), King of Hawaii, grandparent of Naahienaena (w) and grandparent of Kauikeaouli (k) King of Hawaii.
(III). Kalaniopuu (k)/ the true father of Kaleipaihala (k), the grandfather of Kaleleonalani, Queen, and L. M. Kekupuohi, Keawehawaii (k), Halalo (k), and J. Robinson (k).
(IV) Kalaniopuu (k), the father of Keaouakuahuula, the ancestor of the chiefess Kekaaniau (w) of Honolulu, L. M. Kekupuohi and Sam Parker. The chief Keouakuahuula (k), true ancestor through the mother of Keouakuahuula, namely Kanekapolei (w), of W. Notley, C. K. Notley, K. 0. Notley, M. Notley, all of Waimea, Hawaii.

Manoua [Parents] 1, 2. married Kiwalao (Kiwala'o) (Ali'i-o-Kohala, Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island).

Other marriages:
Kalaniopu'u (Kaleiopu'u, Kalaninuieiwakamokukalaniopuu), (Ruling Chief OKUPK
Kaleihopu,

From Solomon Peleioholani:

Kalaniopuu (k) married again, to Manoua (w) of Ka'u. Born were the high chiefs Manono (w) and Kukanaloa (k), forebearer of John Liwaiakalaniopuu [Ena], A. A. Ululani Haalelea, Laura A. Kekuakapuokekuaokalani Coney, and the chiefs of Ka'u, namely Kupakei and Kaiahua. The chiefly children of Kaiahua (w) issued forth.

Look again at Kalaniopuu (k) who married Manoua (w) of Ka'u, and Manono (w) was born, the own grandmother of Kekumano (w), Mrs. Peleioholani, of North Kona, Hawaii.

Manoua may be Kalaniopuu'sown daughter.


Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married 12, 13 Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai) (Maui Chiefess). The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui), (Kauai Chiefess)
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli),
Manono (Manono I),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Huaimanono,
Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua),

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai) (Maui Chiefess) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 was born about 1738. She married 7, 8 Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui). She had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kalokuokamaile (Ka-loku-o-kamaile), (Ali'i-o-Hana, Ali'i-o-Kipahulu, Ali'i-o-Kaupo)
Kaneiahaka (Kane-ia-haka, Kauikapuaauwaapanaole, Kauikapua),

Ruling Chiefess of Hana, Kipahulu and Kaupo

Called "Kahikika" when the wife of Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) - BIG ISLAND

Called "Kealohikanakamaikai" or "Kealohi" when the wife of /Kaneiahaka (Kane-ia-haka, Kauikapuaauwaapanaole, Kauikapua) - KAUAI

**********************************************************************************************************************
NOTE: THERE ARE EXTENSIVE COMMENTS (BELOW) ON THIS PERSON. YOU MAY GO DIRECTLY TO SPOUSE AND CHILDREN BY SCROLLING PAST THE FOLLOWING COMMENTS
**********************************************************************************************************************


ABOUT KAHIKIKA
("Kealohikanakamaikai" or "Kealohi" is the name she was known by on Kauai. - Dean Kekoolani)

For whom the kapu, "Kapu Poo Hoolewa I kala" or "He poohoolewaikala oia o Kalanikauiokikilo Kalaniwaiakua Kekumanomanookekapu" from her mother the sacred ninaupi'o chiefess Kalanikuiokikilo also known as Kalani Kaumehameha, because she was the daughter of Kamehamehanui Ailua, King of Maui.

AS Kalakuokamaile's mother.

FROM History of Keoua Kalanikupuapa-i-nui (By Elizabeth Kekaaniauokalani Kalaninuiohilaukapu Pratt):

"Comely of person and gracious to all he met, Keoua as he verged toward manhood became an attractive personage. While yet awaiting the fulfilment of the plighted troth of his childhood, rumors of events in Maui royal circles were wafted across the waters of Alenuihaha channel which stirred his ambition. They were of the two beautiful daughters of Kalahumoku and his wife Kalani Kaumehameha. Kalahumoku was the reigning high chief of all Hana including also the districts of Kipahulu and Kaupo, whose decease had just taken place, his eldest daughter Kahikikala assuming the right of successorship in governing his people. Kalahumoku was a lineal descendant of Loe, the great progenitor of Maui's chiefdom, the Piilanis, Kamalalawalu and others, and of the Hana aliis as well.

This family possessed a wonderful tabu entirely different from, and never known to exist among, any of the other chief families of the Hawaiian group. It was styled "Ka Poo hoolewa i ka La," and inherited from Kaakaualaninui, the grandmother of Kalahumoku. It signified the laying of the head toward the sun's position in the heavens from its rising unto its setting. Days for the observance of this tabu were strictly kept. The only time for recreation during the tabu must be taken from between the setting of the luminary and the dawn of a new day."

NOTE ON ABOVE (from DEAN P. KEKOOLANI) : The kapu "Ka Poo hoolewa i ka La" is inherited from the mother, the chiefess Kaumehameha, who was also known as Kalanikuaiokikilo. This kapu was not inherited from the father Kalahumoku or the father's family as suggested by the above story. Please see the note in the record for Kalanikauiokikilo (Kalani Kaumehameha).

-----------------------------------------------
In her "Hawaiian Genealogies" collection, Mary Pukui discovered the following alternate genealogy for Lonoikahaupu (no gender given where not indicated):

(1) Koi-hala-hua to Kalani-laha-kiki had Ho'oka-poki'i
(2) Ho'oka-poki'i to Makua had Pilliani
(3) Piilani to Hinakohila has Lonokauakini
(4) Lonokauakini to Kapukaheiao had Lono-i-ka-ha'upu
(5) Lono-i-ka-ha'upu to Kalanakauleleiaiwi had Keawepoepoe

NOTES by Dean Kekoolani:

Regarding above #1:
The name Kalani-laha-kiki in this general area of the lineage supports the idea that the chiefess who is most frequently referred to as Ke-'alohi (Kealohikanakamaikai, Kealohi-kanaka-maikai) on the Kauai registers is also the Kahikikala, Maui Chiefess.

Regarding above #2:
This PIiliani is not the same as the Ruler of Hawaii. This Piilani is 3 generations later and is "Piilani II".

We do include this intriguing alternate genealogy for Kauai in our database, but we do not go so far as to actually connect Lonokauakini to Lono-i-ka-ha'upu. However, this genealogy deserves further investigation and analysis.

They had the following children:

  M i Kalokuokamaile (Ka-loku-o-kamaile) (Ali'i-o-Hana, Ali'i-o-Kipahulu, Ali'i-o-Kaupo) was born in 1760.
  M ii Kukahikuihala (Kahikikala II).

Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married 12 Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui) (Kauai Chiefess). The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai), (Maui C
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli),
Manono (Manono I),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Huaimanono,
Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua),

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui) (Kauai Chiefess) [Parents] 1, 2 was born in 1746. She married 3 Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui).

They had the following children:

  M i Kaleiwohi (Ka-lei-wohi) was born in 1766.

Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married 12 Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II) (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae). The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai), (Maui C
Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui), (Kauai Chiefess)
Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli),
Manono (Manono I),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Huaimanono,
Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua),

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II) (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae) [Parents] 1.(Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae) married 2 Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui).

Other marriages:
Kamanawa (Kamanawa I),


"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha.

"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

They had the following children:

  M i Keliimaikai (Keali'imaikai, Kalanimalokuloku, Malokuloku, Kalanimalokuloku-i-Kepookalani) died on 14 Nov 1809.
  M ii Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) was born in Nov 1737. He died on 8 May 1819.

Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli). The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai), (Maui C
Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui), (Kauai Chiefess)
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Manono (Manono I),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Huaimanono,
Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua),

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 was born in 1740. She married Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui).

Other marriages:
Kameeiamoku (Kameeiamoku I, Kame'eiamoku, Kukahi),
Kaoo (kane),

Mother of Kalaimamahu.

They had the following children:

  M i Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu) was born in 1764.
  M ii Kawelookalani (Kawelookalani II, Kawelo-o-kalani, Kawelookalani-o-Kalanikupuapa'i).

Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married Manono (Manono I). The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai), (Maui C
Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui), (Kauai Chiefess)
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Huaimanono,
Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua),

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Manono (Manono I) [Parents] 1. married Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui).

There genealogies, some from old Hawaiian language newspapers, which incorrectly teach that the mother of Ki'ilaweau is Manono (Manono I, Manono Nui), the daughter Alapai Nui and Kamakaimoku.

The mother of Ki'ilaweau (Ki'ilaweau I) is Huaimanono, daughter of Kauluonana (k.) and Kalanioumi (Kalani-o-Umi) (w.). Kalanioumi is the daughter of Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna, Ruling Queen of Hawaii.

From S.L.K. Peleioholani (Ancestry of John Ena):

HAWAIIAN:
Kauluonana (k) hoao ia Kalanioumi (w) kaikamahine a Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna ekahi me ke kane elua Kanaloakapulehu hanau na Lani Huaimanono (w) kupuna o Kekuaokalani ame Kauakahiheleikaiwi (w) kupuna o Liwai Ena, A. A. Haalelea, L. A. Coney, L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko.

ENGLISH:
Kauluonana (k) married Kalanioumi (w), daughter of Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna I with the second husband Kanaloakapulehu; born were the chiefs Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalani and Kauakahiheleikaiwi (w), grandmother of Liwai Ena, A. A. Haalelea, L. A. Coney, and L. M. Kekupuohiokapulikoliko.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalaninui, was killed in battle at Kuamoo, Kona, and for whom this name is called upon her grandchild, L. A. Kekuakapuokekuaokalani Coney, and her younger sibling.

Kauluonana (k) married Kalanioumi (w), daughter of Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna I with the second husband Kanaloakapulehu; born were the chiefs Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalani and Kauakahiheleikaiwi (w),

They had the following children:

  F i Ki'ilaweau (Ki'ilaweau I, Ki'ilaweau-a-Keoua).

Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married Huaimanono. The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai), (Maui C
Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui), (Kauai Chiefess)
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli),
Manono (Manono I),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua),

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Huaimanono [Parents] 1. married Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui).

There genealogies, some from old Hawaiian language newspapers, which incorrectly teach that the mother of Ki'ilaweau is Manono (Manono I, Manono Nui), the daughter Alapai Nui and Kamakaimoku.

The mother of Ki'ilaweau (Ki'ilaweau I) is Huaimanono, daughter of Kauluonana (k.) and Kalanioumi (Kalani-o-Umi) (w.). Kalanioumi is the daughter of Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna, Ruling Queen of Hawaii.

From S.L.K. Peleioholani (Ancestry of John Ena):

HAWAIIAN:
Kauluonana (k) hoao ia Kalanioumi (w) kaikamahine a Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna ekahi me ke kane elua Kanaloakapulehu hanau na Lani Huaimanono (w) kupuna o Kekuaokalani ame Kauakahiheleikaiwi (w) kupuna o Liwai Ena, A. A. Haalelea, L. A. Coney, L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko.

ENGLISH:
Kauluonana (k) married Kalanioumi (w), daughter of Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna I with the second husband Kanaloakapulehu; born were the chiefs Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalani and Kauakahiheleikaiwi (w), grandmother of Liwai Ena, A. A. Haalelea, L. A. Coney, and L. M. Kekupuohiokapulikoliko.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalaninui, was killed in battle at Kuamoo, Kona, and for whom this name is called upon her grandchild, L. A. Kekuakapuokekuaokalani Coney, and her younger sibling.

Kauluonana (k) married Kalanioumi (w), daughter of Kaikilaninuialiiwahineopuna I with the second husband Kanaloakapulehu; born were the chiefs Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalani and Kauakahiheleikaiwi (w),

They had the following children:

  F i Ki'ilaweau (Ki'ilaweau I, Ki'ilaweau-a-Keoua).

Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 was born in 1734. He died in 1767. He married 12 Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua). The parent relationship has been challenged. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kealohikanakamaika (Kahikikala-o-kalani, Ke'alohi, i Kealohi-kanaka-maikai), (Maui C
Akahi-a-Kuwala (Akahi, Akahinui), (Kauai Chiefess)
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa II), (Kekuiapoiwa-a-Ha'ae)
Kamaka'eheukuli (Kamakaeheikuli),
Manono (Manono I),
Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani, (Kalola Nui) (Kalola Kekuipoiwa)
Huaimanono,

High Chief of Kohala and Kona.
FULL NAME: Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui Ahilapalapa

NOTES ON KEAOUA by D.P.KEKOOLANI

The genealogist SLK Peleioholani's accounts of the Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui are at odds with commonly traditions. He puts forth the following controversial information:

(1) Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui is not the biological father of Kamehameha Paiea (the Great). The true biological father of Kamehameha being Kahekili II, King of Maui. This is not a controversial idea and it is gaining more acceptance over time. The more radical aspect of this teaching is the additional notion that Kekuipowa II, wife of Keōua, is also not Kamehameha's natural mother (see below).

(2) Keōua is not the son of Keeaumoku-Nui, but Kalaninuiamamao. His mother remains Kamakaimoku, who was married to both men.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTES FROM
"The Complete Ancestry of John Liwai Kalniopuuikapali-o-Molilele-ma-wai-o-Ahukini-Kau-Hawaii Ena":
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HAWAIIAN:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) hoao ia Kamakaimoku (w) hanau o Kalaniopuu (k) moi o Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna ame Kona, hanau o Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), makuakane o Kamehameha I, aka, aole nana o Kamehameha ehiku makahiki o ka noho ana o Keaoua me kana alii wahine aole he loaa o ke keiki a kii mai Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) ia Kahekiliahumanu (k), moi o Maui lawe ia a hiki i Hawaii, kahi o ke lii Kekuiapoiwa e noho ana a hoao ia aku la na lii a loaa mai ia he lani, he nai aupuni kaulana oia ka imi Sani Haku, ana a na In la a pela no i nui ai na lii.

ENGLISH:
Kalaninuiamamao (k) married Kamakaimoku (w) and was born Kalaniopuu (k) King of Hawaii, Ka'u, Puna, and Kona, and was born Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k), father of Kamehameha I, but Kamehameha was not by him; Keaoua was married for seven years to his chiefly wife, but he did not have a child so Keaweaheulu (k), Kameeiamoku (k), Kamanawa (k) got Kahekiliahumanu (k), King of Maui, to come to Hawaii where Kekuiapoiwa was living and in this mating had that child, a famous conqueror, the seeker of chiefs, leader of the chiefs and in that did the chiefs increase.

[Also, later in this genealogy]

ENGLISH:
Keaouakalanikupuapaikalaninui (k) married Kekuiapoiwa II, chief of Kona, Hawaii, no issue.

[And finally]
ENGLISH:
Look at Kuhooheiheipahu (w) and Kahekili (k), they being the true chiefly parents of Kamehameha I, Kalanikupule (k), and Koalaukani (k).

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In this same JOHN ENA genealogy, we see that Peleioholani understands that Keaou is still Kamehameha's "father" in the sense that he was the head of the family to which Kamehameha belonged. Kamehameha was given (hanai) to Keaou and his wife by Kahekili and Ku. This kind of child-giving was common practise among the chiefs and was a kind of bonding ritual between chiefly families:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ENGLISH:
Look at the chief Kalaniopuu (k), he is the own grandson of Umiulaikaahumanu (w) (true chiefly class) and Kuanuuanu (k) of Waianae, Oahu. Look closely at Kalaninuiiamamao, the own father of Kalaniopuu (k). A high chief. And here are the chiefly descendants that are seen in the broad daylight.:
Look at Kalaniopuu (k) and his
2. Younger brother Keoua (k), father of Kamehameha I.
3. Sister Kekaulikeikawekiuonalani (w), grandmother of L. M. kekupuohi.
4. Sister Kahiwaokalani (w). Grandmother of the Princes.
5. Sister Ahia (w).
Here is the (wohi) son of Kalaninuiiamamao (k), namely
6. Keawema'uhili (k), he is the own grandfather of
7. S. L. Kalaniomaiheuila Peleioholani (k), own father of
8. A. Kahalelehua Kaonohiulaokalani Notley.*

* Annie Kahalelehua Peleioholani, daughter of Solomon Peleioholani and Elizabeth Kekumano)

Kalanilehua (Kalani-Lehua) [Parents] 1. married 2 Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui).


Keeaumoku (Keeaumoku I, Kalani Kama Keʻeaumoku Nui, Kee-eaumoku) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 was born in 1712. He married Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku) (Waianae Oahu Chiefess).

Other marriages:
Kailakanoa (Kailakauoa),

In addition to Kona, Keawe also gave his son Kalanikeeaumoku dominion over parts of the Kohala district, which was mostly controlled by the [powerful and somewhat independent Mahi family.

From genealogist Solomon Lehuanui Kalaniomaiheilu Peleioholani (in Ancestry of John Liwai Ena):

Look at the children of Kaianikauleleiaiwi: (1) Child No. 1, Kekuiapoiwanui I (w); (2) Kekelaokekeaokalani (w); (3) Kalanikeeaumoku (k); (4) Alapainui (k), King of Hawaii, ancestor of L. M. Kekupuohikapulikoliko and many other offsprings; (5) Haae (k); (6) Keawepoepoe (k).

Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w) married again, to Keawe (k), King of Hawaii, and were born Kekelakekeaokaiani (w) and Kaianikeaumoku (k).

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"Kee-eaumoku" is the old spelling of "Keeaumoku" relayed to us by S.M. Kamakau.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This Keeaumoku, the nominal grandfather of Kamehameha the Great, became High Priest of the Order of 'Io after Keawe-Uhi-I-Kealakea. After Keeaumoku, his younger half-brother, Keawepoepoe, became the HIgh Priest.

__________________________________________________________

Kamakaimoku (Ka-maka'i-moku, Kamakamoku) (Waianae Oahu Chiefess) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 was born in 1711. She married Keeaumoku (Keeaumoku I, Kalani Kama Keʻeaumoku Nui, Kee-eaumoku).

Other marriages:
Kalaninuiiamamao (Kalani-nui-'i-a-mamao, Ka'i'imamao, Lono-a-Keawe), (Ali'i-o-Ka'u)
Alapai (Alapai Nui, Alapainui-a-Kauaua), (Ali'i-o-Kona, Ruling Chief of Hawaii Island)
Kukaeleaiku (Kukeleiaiku, Kukaeleaiku, Kukaeleku, Kukaeleiki, Ku-ka-'ele-iki),

Also Chiefess of K'au.

They had the following children:

  M i Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui (Keaoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui) was born in 1734. He died in 1767.
  M ii Limaloa.

Home First Previous Next Last

Surname List | Name Index