Kekoolani Genealogy of the Descendants of the Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani) (Queen of Hawaii). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani) (Queen of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3.(Queen married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kawelookalani (Kawelookalani II, Kawelo-o-kalani, Kawelookalani-o-Kalanikupuapa'i),

They had the following children:

  F i Maheha Kapulikoliko 1.
  M ii HRH Prince Kinau (Kahoanokukinau).
  M iii Kaiko'olani (Kaiko'okalani, Kaiko'olani-Kau-i-Kahekili-Keawe-Hanaiohua).

Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Kaahamanu (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Kaahamanu (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii) [Parents] 1 was born on 17 Mar 1768 in Kauiki, Hana, Maui. She died on 5 Jun 1832. She married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kaumualii (Ka-umu-aliʻi), H.M. George (King of Kauai and Niihau)
Keli'iahanoui (Ke-li'i-ahanoui), H.H. Prince Abner (Prince of Kauai)

Kuhina-Nui from 6th June 1825


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Kaheiheimalie (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii) in 1795. He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Kaheiheimalie (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2 was born in 1766 in Hāna, Maui. She died on 16 Jan 1842 in Lahaina, Maui. She was buried Waineʻe Cemetery. She married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) in 1795.

Other marriages:
Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu),
Hoapili-kane, Ulumāheihei

NOTE: There are extensive NOTES for this individual. SCROLL PAST THE NOTES BELOW to see SPOUSE/FAMILY
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FULL NAME: Miriam Kalākua Kaheiheimālie Hoapili-Wahine.

Through her daughters Elizabeth and Miriam she was grandmother of three kings: Kamehameha IV, Kamehameha V, and Lunalilo.

Governess of Maui 1840-1842

She was born c. 1778 into a noble (ali'i) family of Maui. Her father was Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi, a noble from Hawaiʻi Island. Her mother was Namahanaʻi Kaleleokalani, the former consort of her half-brother the late king of Maui, Kamehameha Nui. From her mother she was a member of the royal house of Maui. Her siblings included Hawaiʻi island Governor John Adams Kuakini, Queen Kaʻahumanu, Maui Governor George Cox Kahekili Keʻeaumoku II, and Lydia Namahana Piʻia. Her father became an advisor and friend to Kamehameha I, eventually becoming royal governor of Maui. He arranged for her sister Kaʻahumanu to marry the king when she was thirteen; she woud be the most powerful leader of the kingdom for several decades.

First Kaheiheimālie married Prince Kalaʻimamahu, Chief Priest of ʻIo and Kāne. He was a brother of Kamehameha I. They divorced around 1795 and she married her former brother-in-law King Kamehameha I in a ceremony known as Hoao-Wohi.[1] She was part of the court of Kamehameha I that met George Vancouver during his expedition in 1794 and agreed to the first treaty with Great Britain.[2]

She had one son and two daughters by her second marriage to Kamehameha I. Her son Prince Kamehameha Kapauaiwa was born about 1801 and died as an infant. Her daughter Victoria Kamehamalu Kekuaiwaokalani (c. 1802–1824) married Liholiho and became Queen consort Kamāmalu when Liholiho became King Kamehameha II. Her youngest daughter Elizabeth Kīnaʻu (c. 1805–1839) succeed her aunt Kaʻahumanu, Kalākua's sister, as Kuhina Nui, co-ruling Hawaii with Kamehameha II.[3] Her daughter from her first marriage with Kalaimamahu was Miriam Auhea Kekāuluohi (c. 1794–1845) who succeeded Elizabeth as the third Kuhina Nui, styled as Kaʻahumanu III.[4]
Through her daughters Elizabeth and Miriam she was grandmother of three more kings: Kamehameha IV, Kamehameha V, and Lunalilo.

She married for the third time at Honolulu, October 19, 1823, to Ulumāheihei Hoapili who was the Governor of Maui. She became a late convert to Christianity and took the name "Miriam" along with her oldest daughter. She was described as physically being "...tall and gigantic" like her siblings.[5] She was known as Hoapili-wahine or "Mrs. Hoapili". She served as Governor of Maui 1840-1842 after her husband's death, and was a founding member of the Hosue of Nobles in 1841.[6] She died on Maui, January 16, 1842 and was at buried Moku'ula. Her remains were later moved to the nearby Waineʻe Cemetery beside her last husband Hoapili.[7]

------------------------
References
------------------------

(1) Kapiikauinamoku (June 19, 1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Kamehameha, Kalakua Wed in Hoao-Wohi Rites". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

(2) Stephen L. Desha (2000). "Chapter 14: Vancounver's Visit". Kamehameha and his warrior Kekūhaupiʻo (Moolelo kaao no Kuhaupio ke koa kaulana o ke au o Kamehameha ka Nui). Translated by Frances N. Frazier. Kamehameha Schools Press. p. 379. ISBN 0-87336-061-3.

(3) Kapiikauinamoku (Sammy Amalu) (June 20, 1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Princess Kamamalu Was Kamehamehaʻs Daughter". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

(4) Henry Soszynski. "Kalakua Kaheiheimalie". web page on "Rootsweb". Retrieved 2009-12-22.

(5) Hiram Bingham I (1855) [1848]. A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Third ed.). H.D. Goodwin. p. 164.

(6) "Hoapili office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25.

(7) "Burials in Waialoa Cemetery". Find A Grave web site. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
[edit]External links

They had the following children:

  F i Kamamalu (Victoria Kamehamalu Kekuaiwaokalani) (Queen Consort of Hawaii).
  M ii Kamehameha Kapauaiwa (Prince of Hawaii).

Died in infancy.
  F iii Elizabeth Kinau (Kaahamanu II) (Kuhina Nui of Hawaii).

Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani) (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani) (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o) [Parents] 1 was born about 1778 in Pahoehoe, Maui. She died on 16 Sep 1823 in Kaluaokila, Lahaina, Maui. She married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu),
Hoapili-kane, Ulumāheihei

FULL NAME:
Keōpūolani-Ahu-i-Kekai-Makuahine-a-Kama-Kalani-Kau-i-Kealaneo
Please see the notes/discussion for her mother.

They had the following children:

  M i Liholiho Kamehameha II (King of Hawaii) was born in 1797. He died on 14 Jul 1824.
  M ii Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III (King of Hawaii) was born on 11 Aug 1813. He died on 15 Dec 1854.
  F iii Harriet Nahienaena (Nāhiʻenaʻena, Harrieta Keōpūolani Nāhiʻenaʻena) (Princess of Hawaii).

Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi) [Parents] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kalaimamahu (Kalanimamahu),
Kinau (Kahoanokukinau), HRH Prince

Fornander and Kamakau call her Kahakuhaakoi.


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi) in 1817 in Kamakahonu, Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi) [Parents] 1, 2 was born on 27 Jul 1794. She married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) in 1817 in Kamakahonu, Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island.

Other marriages:
Kana'ina (Kana'ina II), Charles (High Chief)

Kuhina Nui of HAwaii. According to information in "Hawaiian Genealogies" (Pukui), Kinoiki was a po'olua by Kala'imamahu and Kamehameha.


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I). married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kekuamanoha,


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Kalola-a-Kumuko'a. He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Kalola-a-Kumuko'a [Parents] 1, 2. married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Kekuamanoha,
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku II),

Child of half-brother and half-sister Pio marriage.


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a). He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kauhilanimaka,


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a) [Parents] 1, 2. married Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

Other marriages:
Keawemauhili (Keawemauhili I), (Ali'i-o-Hilo)


Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii) [Parents] 1, 2, 3 was born in Nov 1737 in Pahoehoe, Maui. He died on 8 May 1819 in Kailua, Kona, Hawaii Island. He married 4 Kauhilanimaka. He was related to his parents by adoption. He had other parents.

Other marriages:
Kekuaipiia (Ke-kua-i-pi'ia, Namahana-o-Pi'ia) ), Lydia Liliha (Queen of Hawaii)
Peleuli (Peleuli-i-Kekela-o-kalani), (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaahamanu, (Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu) (Queen of Hawaii)
Kaheiheimalie, (Kaheiheimālie, Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, Hoapili Wahine) (Queen of Hawaii)
Keopuolani (Kalanikauikaʻalaneo Kai Keōpūolani), (Queen Consort of Hawaii, Ninaupi'o)
Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio (Kahakuhaakoi),
Kekauluohi (Kekāuluohi, Kekā-ulu-ohi), Miriam Auhea
Manono (Manono II),
Ka'aikumoku (Ka'aikumoku I),
Keoua (Keoua-wahine, Keoua-o-Kauhiwawaeono),
Kekuiapoiwa (Kekuiapoiwa III), Liliha
Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei I, Kahulilanimaka, Kanekapoleikauila),
Kalola-a-Kumuko'a,
Kekikipa'a (Kekikipa'a-a-Kameeiamoku, Nowelo-Kauhi-Kiki-a-Pa'a),


FULL NAME:
Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

THE IDENTITY OF THE BIOLOGICAL PARENTS OF KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT is a disputed matter.

Contrary to popular history, there is a strong case to be made that Kamehameha was originally a member of the Maui royal family and that he was transferred to the Big Island and adopted by the ruling chief and his wife. They became his parents of record.

This has not been settled (c. 2010) and probably can't be settled. It doesn't need to be settled. However, there is no question about whom Kamehameha the Great treated as his father, and that was the great chief Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa. By tradition, the Hawaiian people follow this line of genealogy because Kamehameha himself did. It is probably a good practise. When fully understood, the ancient custom of hanai and the seriousness of it in Hawaiian culture makes clear to those who understand that Keoua was very much indeed Kamehameha's "real" father. All Hawaiians will understand that to be the truth. It is this family of Keoua that formed the royal court around Kamehameha the Great.

However, in our genealogy practise we follow the blood-line tradition from Maui (taught by our kupuna the genealogist SLK Peleioholani), which tells us that Kamehameha was not the natural biological son of Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui but rather given as a gift to them by his true biological parents from Maui. These biological parents were Kahekili (Ruling Chief of Maui) and his sister Ku, the son and daughter of Kekaulike (Ruling Chief of Maui). This Maui genealogy would make Kamehameha a full NINAU PI'O chief (the mother and father are full blooded brother and sister and children of ruling chief). This was a rare This would have made him the highest ranking male chief, by blood, in all the Hawaiian Islands. It may have been possible, with this exalted chiefl;y rank anbd all its honors and kapus, to assume complete control over all the islands without going to war, based on his bloodline alone. Such male chiefs are rare, the closest living male in Kamehameha's time being Keawemauhili (who possessed certain "intertwined kapus" from birth which were rare but not as exalted as the NINAU PI'O of Kamehameha).

When Kamehameha was gifted in "hanai" by Maui to the Big Island and it's rulers Keoua Kalani-kupu'uapai-kalani-nui Ahilapalapa and Kekupoiwa Nui, the social and political ramifications of Kamehameha's exceptionally high birth rank upon the fortunes and power of Maui's current elites were neutralized, at least for for the time being. This disappearance of the male infant Kamehameha was very convenient for all the othe other male chiefs of Maui, especially Kamehameha's father Kahekili and uncle Kamahemahanui Ailuau (who he was named after).

END OF THE KAMEHAMEHA DYNASTY

There was a controversy at the time of Kalakaua's election as to the quality of his bloodline and whether he was fit to sit on the throne of Hawaii. Also, there was a controversy about the special election itself, which brought him to power. It is now forgotten that there was a great tumult surrounding the elections results. Not everyone supported Kalakaua. People did riot when they heard Kalakaua had won. There were accusations that Kalakaua had cheated his opponent the beloved Queen Emma (widow of King Kamehameha IV) out of a victory with his political machinations. Many chiefs, especially the very old guard, refused their support and would not attend the Kalakaua court. This is now forgotten. But in its time this was a great controversy, a dark cloud that hung over the Kalakaua Dynasty's possession of the throne and some say it is why they could not hold on to it.

Nonetheless,in due time they did establish themselves firmly in the hearts of the people and their claim was secured. The Kamehameha line (and the Keoua line) lost their seniority in regal succession when the Kalakaua Dynasty came to power and legitamized their government by gaining acceptance by the people of Hawaii Nei. The expression of the warm and sincere acceptance by the Hawaiian people can be seen in their love for Queen Liliuokalani and also for the Princess Victoria Kaiulani.

The current heirs of the Kalakaua Dynasty would be the Kawananakoa family.

Kauhilanimaka 1 was born in Hilo, Hawaii, Hi. She married 2 Kamehameha I the Great (Paiea Kūnuiakea Kamehameha) (King of Hawaii).

They had the following children:

  F i Kanekapolei (Kanekapolei II, Kahiwa-Kanekapolei) (Regina Kahiwakaneikopolei).

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